What Is Uruka?

Are you curious to know what is uruka? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about uruka in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is uruka?

What Is Uruka?

Uruka is a traditional festival celebrated in the Indian state of Assam. It is also known as “Bhogali Bihu” and is one of the most important festivals in the state. The festival is celebrated in January every year, marking the end of the harvesting season and the onset of spring.

The festival is a time of joy and celebration for the people of Assam. It is a time when people come together to enjoy traditional food, music, and dance. The festival is celebrated over a period of three days, and each day has its own significance.

The first day of Uruka is called “Bhogali Uruka” or “Uruka Night.” On this day, people gather around a bonfire, known as “Meji” in Assamese. The Meji is made of bamboo, leaves, and other combustible materials. People light the Meji at sunset and gather around it to sing, dance, and enjoy traditional Assamese delicacies like “pitha,” a type of rice cake, and “large,” a sweet made of coconut and jaggery.

The second day of Uruka is known as “Bhogali Bihu” or “Magh Bihu.” On this day, people wake up early in the morning and take a bath before sunrise. They then offer prayers to the gods and goddesses for a bountiful harvest and prosperity. People wear traditional Assamese clothes like “Gamocha” and “Mekhela Chador” and visit their friends and family to exchange greetings and gifts.

The third and final day of Uruka is called “Kongali Bihu.” On this day, people perform rituals to purify their homes and surroundings. They also take a bath with special herbs and offer prayers to the goddess of fertility and agriculture, “Manasa Devi.”

Uruka is not just a festival; it is an integral part of the Assamese culture and identity. It brings people together and strengthens the bonds of family and community. The festival is also an important occasion to showcase the rich cultural heritage of Assam, including its traditional food, music, and dance.


In conclusion, Uruka is a celebration of life and nature. It reminds us of the importance of agriculture and the need to preserve our cultural heritage. As we celebrate this festival, let us also remember to be grateful for the blessings of nature and strive to protect our environment for future generations.

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What Is Uruka In Assam?

The first day or the eve is called Uruk. On Uruk, people organize community feasts. On this evening, people from a locality gather and erect makeshift houses known as bhelaghar and a stack known as Meiji. The whole night, people eat around campfires and sleep in the bhelaghar.

Why Is Uruka Celebrated?

Assam geared up to celebrate Uruka to mark the beginning of Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu amid the coronavirus pandemic. Markets are crowded with people buying fish and meat to celebrate the day of feasting.

Which Festival Is Celebrated On 14 January In Assam?

Guwahati (Assam) [India], January 14 (ANI): Assam is all set to celebrate the harvest festival of Magh Bihu, also known as Bhogali Bihu, amid the chilly weather conditions tomorrow.

How Is Meji Made?

The Meji, a cone-shaped structure made of bamboo, hay, straw, thatch, and other such materials is traditionally torched on the eve of Bhogali Bihu in obeisance to the gods before the festivities begin. The tradition is still followed religiously in rural areas as well as other parts of the state.


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